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Studio Strong

︎art direction
︎event curation


FUNGI ARCHIVE


This is a growing research platform about the big potencial which lies in fungi, mushroom or mycelium related topics.

this project is a scholarship of Kulturprojekte Berlin 2021





human & animal benefits

research, growing & hands-on projects

artistic production

products in use






what fungus? what mushroom?


Before jumping into the diverse fields of mycelium we want to look at what are we talking about:
What is a fungus, mushroom, mycelium, hyphae, spores and lichen?



we are the oldest and youngest,
the largest and the smallest.
we brought life to earth. most of us
you can’t see, but we flourish
all around you, even inside of you –
weather you belief in us or not.


introduction to the movie fantastic fungi






some explanations of words:

fungus

A fungus is any member of the group of eukaryotic organisms that includes microorganisms. These organisms are classified as a kingdom, which is separate from the other eukaryotic life kingdoms of plants and animals (including humans).


mushroom

A mushroom is a friuting body of a fungus like the apple of a tree. The mushrooms carry the spores which are the reproductive parts of a fungus.


mycelium

Mycelium is the vegetative compond of a fungus. It consists of a mass of branching and thread like nets of hyphae. Fine turbular structures that branch, fuse and tangle. Information pathways with anarchic filigree are process like through their exploratory, irregular tendency.

mycelium and hyphae
 

lichen

Lichens are a compound of different enteties: A lichen is not a singular organism but a symbiotic relationship between a fungus and an algae and or photosynthesizing cyanobacteria.
“Schwendener (Swiss Botanist, 1869) proposed that the lichen fungus(known today as the mycobiont) offered physical protection and acquired nutrients for itself and for the algal cells. The algal partner(known today as photobiont, a role sometimes played by photosynthetic bacteria) harvested light and carbon dioxide to make sugars that provided energy”, from the book Entangled Life by Merlin Sheldrake




why mushroom?


The miraculous web of fungi and mycelium out of connections, interactions and communication changes the way we look at life, the planet and ourselves. The wide field of fungi is offering many opportunities to interconnect and solve planetary and individual problems. The wisdom of more than two billion years of fungal evolution fuels our medicinal developments, interior design, insulation material, our way of healing industrial polluted ecosystems, architecture, art, sound installations, packaging, fashion design, the understanding of the self, solving train connection network plans and much more. The evolving interest in the field is linked in a combination of up-to-date scientific knowledge, grassroots movement with indigenous wisdom.




why are mushrooms beneficial for the planet and living organisms on earth?


Wikipedia says: Mycoremidiation is a form of bioremediation in which fungi-based technology is used to decontaminate the environment. Fungi have been proven to be a very cheap, effective and environmentally sound way for helping to remove a wide array of toxins from damaged environments or wastewater. The toxins include heavy metals, persistent organic pollutants, textile dyes, leather tanning industry chemicals and wastewater, petroleum fuels, polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, pharmaceuticals and personal care products, pesticides and herbicides, in land, fresh water and marine environments. The byproducts of the remediation can be valuable materials themselves, such as enzymes (like laccase), edible or medicinal mushrooms, making the remediation process even more profitable.

what is the history of mycelium, mushrooms and spores?


Maybe lichens travelled through space and managed to jump into the ocean on the planet when there only was water and rock. Mycelium was already active on the seabed digesting organic material when on land was only rock. Somehow the mycelium with it’s exploratory tendency was starting to get on land. After some battle with bacteria mycelium group up with the plant cells of algae and together they were eating the rock’s minerals and growing a larger organism.

spores

 

Fungi then got a massive fuel when it was needed to clear the natural catastrophy site after the dinasors died out and massive heaps of plant material was covering the land. Since then it was fueling an explosion of variety of living species. The variety of fungi also exploded and is nowadays six times more than plant species and fifty megatons of spores get released by year. Therefore the spores are the largest source of particles in the air.